Required Configuration Settings

ALLOWED_HOSTS

This is a list of valid fully-qualified domain names (FQDNs) that is used to reach the NetBox service. Usually this is the same as the hostname for the NetBox server, but can also be different (e.g. when using a reverse proxy serving the NetBox website under a different FQDN than the hostname of the NetBox server). NetBox will not permit access to the server via any other hostnames (or IPs). The value of this option is also used to set CSRF_TRUSTED_ORIGINS, which restricts HTTP POST to the same set of hosts (more about this here). Keep in mind that NetBox, by default, has USE_X_FORWARDED_HOST = True (in netbox/netbox/settings.py) which means that if you're using a reverse proxy, it's the FQDN used to reach that reverse proxy which needs to be in this list (more about this here).

Example:

ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['netbox.example.com', '192.0.2.123']

DATABASE

NetBox requires access to a PostgreSQL database service to store data. This service can run locally or on a remote system. The following parameters must be defined within the DATABASE dictionary:

  • NAME - Database name
  • USER - PostgreSQL username
  • PASSWORD - PostgreSQL password
  • HOST - Name or IP address of the database server (use localhost if running locally)
  • PORT - TCP port of the PostgreSQL service; leave blank for default port (5432)

Example:

DATABASE = {
    'NAME': 'netbox',               # Database name
    'USER': 'netbox',               # PostgreSQL username
    'PASSWORD': 'J5brHrAXFLQSif0K', # PostgreSQL password
    'HOST': 'localhost',            # Database server
    'PORT': '',                     # Database port (leave blank for default)
}

REDIS

Redis is an in-memory data store similar to memcached. While Redis has been an optional component of NetBox since the introduction of webhooks in version 2.4, it is required starting in 2.6 to support NetBox's caching functionality (as well as other planned features).

Redis is configured using a configuration setting similar to DATABASE:

  • HOST - Name or IP address of the Redis server (use localhost if running locally)
  • PORT - TCP port of the Redis service; leave blank for default port (6379)
  • PASSWORD - Redis password (if set)
  • DATABASE - Numeric database ID for webhooks
  • CACHE_DATABASE - Numeric database ID for caching
  • DEFAULT_TIMEOUT - Connection timeout in seconds
  • SSL - Use SSL connection to Redis

Example:

REDIS = {
    'HOST': 'localhost',
    'PORT': 6379,
    'PASSWORD': '',
    'DATABASE': 0,
    'CACHE_DATABASE': 1,
    'DEFAULT_TIMEOUT': 300,
    'SSL': False,
}

!!! note: If you were using these settings in a prior release with webhooks, the DATABASE setting remains the same but an additional CACHE_DATABASE setting has been added with a default value of 1 to support the caching backend. The DATABASE setting will be renamed in a future release of NetBox to better relay the meaning of the setting.

!!! warning: It is highly recommended to keep the webhook and cache databases seperate. Using the same database number for both may result in webhook processing data being lost in cache flushing events.


SECRET_KEY

This is a secret cryptographic key is used to improve the security of cookies and password resets. The key defined here should not be shared outside of the configuration file. SECRET_KEY can be changed at any time, however be aware that doing so will invalidate all existing sessions.

Please note that this key is not used for hashing user passwords or for the encrypted storage of secret data in NetBox.

SECRET_KEY should be at least 50 characters in length and contain a random mix of letters, digits, and symbols. The script located at netbox/generate_secret_key.py may be used to generate a suitable key.